PRINCIPLES OF MOTOR RECOVERY IN POST-STROKE PATIENTS USING HAND EXOSKELETON CONTROLLED BY THE BRAIN-COMPUTER INTERFACE BASED ON MOTOR IMAGERY

Alexander A. Frolov, Elena V. Biryukova, Pavel D. Bobrov, Olesya A. Mokienko, Alexey V. Alexandrov, Dusan Husek

Abstract


Motor recovery in post{stroke and post{traumatic patients using exoskeleton controlled by the brain-computer interface (BCI) is a new and promising rehabilitation procedure. Its development is a multidisciplinary research, which requires the teamwork of experts in neurology, neurophys- iology, physics, mathematics, biomechanics and robotics. Some aspects of all these elds of study concerning the development of this rehabilita-tion procedure are described in the paper. The description includes the principles and physiological prerequisites of BCI based on motor imagery, biologically adequate principles of exoskeleton design and control and the results of clinical application.


Keywords


Brain computer interface, motor imagery, post-stroke and posttraumatic patients, arm and hand exoskeleton, proportional derivative controller, motor synergy, clinical application.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14311/NNW.1901.%25x

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