Application of a probabilistic neural network for liquefaction assessment

Xinhua Xue


This paper presents a hybrid probabilistic neural network (PNN) and particle swarm optimization (PSO) techniques to predict the soil liquefaction. The PSO algorithm is employed in selecting the optimal smoothing parameter of the PNN to improve the forecasting accuracy. Seven parameters such as earthquake magnitude, normalized peak horizontal acceleration at ground surface, standard penetration number, penetration resistance, relative compaction, mean grain diameter and groundwater table are selected as the evaluating indices. The predictions from the PSO-PNN model were compared with those from two models: back-propagation neural network (BPNN) model and support vector machine (SVM) model. The study concluded that the proposed PSO-PNN model can be used as a reliable approach for predicting soil liquefaction.

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